Brrr, winter has arrived with a vengeance in southern Australia and the change in weather has seen an increase in cold and flu viruses.
Colds and flus spread more easily in the cold winter months because they thrive in colder, less humid environments. Winter infections can spread rapidly in both indoor offices and schools as well as outdoor work environments, resulting in lost productivity and lost opportunities.
While it can be hard to avoid catching a bug at this time of year, it’s worth sharing the following tips to remind us all of proper etiquette in the workplace.
Covering mouths and noses when sneezing or coughing
Practising good cough and sneeze etiquette – covering the mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing – reduces the likelihood of cold and flu viruses becoming airborne and/or contaminating surfaces and other objects in the work environment.
However, when the hands are used to cover the mouth, they become contaminated. Use a tissue to cover your mouth and nose if you cough or sneeze and encourage your workmates to do the same.
The tissue should be disposed of and the hands washed immediately afterwards. If no tissue is available, cough into the sleeve at the inner elbow. Make sure you have a bin for tissue disposal. Ask your boss to place signs around the workplace to remind people to practise good cough etiquette.
Hand washing is an effective way to prevent the spread of infectious diseases, including cold and flu viruses. Wash your hands regularly throughout the day (and encourage your colleagues to do the same) using the correct hand washing technique (e.g. lathering with soap for 15 seconds) or with an alcohol-based disinfectant. Washing your hands at specific times associated with infection also reduces cold and flu transmission, for example:
- After coughing, sneezing or blowing your nose;
- Before touching your face;
- After touching contaminated objects such as tissues;
- After cleaning surfaces which may be contaminated;
- After shaking hands with someone known or suspected to be infected.
Cold and flu viruses can survive on hard surfaces for up to eight hours and on a person’s hands for approximately five minutes after they touch a contaminated surface such as a hand or desktop. From there they can cause infection if the person touches their mouth or eyes.
You can therefore reduce your risk of infection by avoiding touching your face, or washing your hands before you do so.
Good communication and reminders
Reminders for staff, students and visitors to implement hygiene measures to prevent cold and flu transmission may help improve hygiene behaviour. For example, you could place the following reminders:
- To wash hands, in toilets (after going to the toilet) or in kitchens (before eating);
- To cover the mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, in prominent locations around the workplace;
- To stay home when sick, in prominent locations throughout the workplace;
- Clean surfaces in their work environment, for example wipe the desk and keyboard.
Best practice cleaning
Facilities can prepare for the heightened risk of illness during winter by considering more frequent and thorough cleaning of common areas or assigning a day cleaner (see Danihers Day Green Clean) to conduct regular disinfecting across the day. High-touch surfaces such as door knobs, handrails, elevator buttons, desks and countertops should be disinfected regularly or when visibly soiled.
Maintain hygiene product levels
It’s also important to ensure hygiene supplies or consumables are well stocked. When staff, students or clients visit a restroom without soap or paper towels, they can be forced to forgo their hygiene habits. Make sure your site has additional supplies of personal protective equipment (PPE), disinfectants, hand hygiene products, facial tissue, toilet tissue, trash bags and cleaning cloths and tools. This will encourage ongoing cold and flu prevention.
For more advice on cold and flu prevention, see my Virtual Medical Centre http://www.myvmc.com/lifestyles/cold-and-flu-prevention-at-work/#c6 and Health Direct http://www.healthdirect.gov.au/colds-and-flu-prevention
Further resources: The European Cleaning Journal, Top Tips For Cold and Flu Prevention.
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